Using The Internet


Instructions: For the activities create a document with the answers. 
         The document must include the questions and approriate answers. 
         The completed document should be easy to read and undertand and formatted appropriately.

Notes: Assignment:
What is a URL Activity: Deconstructing a URL.

About domain names Activity: Identifying Country Domain name endings

Who owns the Domain Name?

Activity: Identifying Who has registered a Domain name
  Activity: Registering a Domain Name

Wayback Machine

The Five W's of Cyberspace Activity: The 5 W's of Cyberspace
  Activity: Deconstructing Web Pages student handout

Some Useful Google Tips & Tricks Activity: Google Tips: Calculator and Units conversion
  Activity: Google Tips: Time, Weather, Sunrise, Sunset
  Activity: Google Tips: Define:
  Activity: Google Tips: ID numbers
  Activity: Google Tips: Currency_Conversion
  Activity: Google Tips: Country specific sites
  Activity: Google Tips: Google_news
  Activity: Google Tips: Google_Site Search
  Activity: Google Tips: Google_Labs ( new stuff)

Review Questions  


What is a URL?

URL is an acronym for Uniform Resource Locator. It is standard for web addressing.

It is somewhat comparable to a phone number.
As an example, our school phone number (204) 339-6959.


How does this compare to a URL

http:// Hypertext Transfer Protocol - This tells the browser (Internet Explorer or Netscape) that this is a web page.
ftp:// is another example- this is a File Transfer Protocol for downloading files.

The first entry after http:// is always the name of the server. It typically starts with www.

/gcctechnology/ After the first forward slash (/) in an address is either a web page or a directory(folder).
This is a directory(folder) since it is followed by another forward slash.
computers_general/ Again, since the name is followed by a forward slash (/) it is a directory(folder).
index.htm This is the web page. A name followed by .htm or .html indicates it is a web page.
Note: web pages served via a database may end in .asp, pl, cgi etc.

Sometimes you might see a "user" reference or tilde (~) symbol in a sub directory followed by a name. This indicates that you may be on a personal Web page


Activity: Deconstructing a URL.
Shorten the URL by one directory or page.

Part A

1. Type in or follow these links:


2. What did you find as you deconstructed the URL?


Part B

Deconstruct the following link as in part A above


Note: Besides learning about the web page and where it is located, this technique can help you locate more information on a subject or find the directory of a missing page when you get the message "page not found" or "404 Error."

Back to top



Domain Names


What is a Domain name?

A domain name is a way to identify and locate computers and resources connected to the Internet. No two organizations can have the same domain name.

Every company or organization that wants to be on the internet will register a domain name for use as their on-line identity.

Each domain name corresponds to numeric IP (Internet Protocol) addresses. An IP address takes the form of 4 numbers, each one between 0 and 255, separated by periods. The Internet uses the numeric IP address to send data.
As an example, you may be connecting to a World Wide Web server with the domain name "", but as far as the network is concerned, you are connecting to the Web server with the IP address associated with that domain name.


Commonly used Domain Name endings

Ending Usage Example
.com Commercial or for profit organization
.org Non-profit organization
.gov US government agency, In Canada, provincial governments use .gov followed by a provincial abbreviation and .ca.
.edu Universities
.ca Canadian businesses/organizations

Originally there were only eight domain name endings, but since the web has grown so quickly new endings are being added. See,, , or or similar site for a more complete list.

Most countries have their own endings, this indicates the web business/organization resides in that country.

Activity: Identifying Country Domain name endings

Identify the country for each of the domain name endings shown

  • ca
  • de
  • il
  • jp
  • dk
  • us
  • uk


Who owns the Domain Name?

Every web address must be registered and owned. A fee is charged this registration.

You can find out if a domain name is already registers and who has registered that name.
Note: A domain name can be registered without having a web page on the internet. Several years ago some enterprising individuals registered the domain names of some large companies before these companies did. These individuals then sold the registered domain name to the company for big dollars.

Using,, , ,, or are some of the sites available to determine if a domain name is registered and if it is to whom.

Specific TLD (Top Level Domain names) are now registered by specific companies in different countries. has a database of these TLD.


To find out where can register a domain name and the Pricing for different countries and TLDs

-Go to the site and choose the TLD database under Domain Name Services
-Choose a country, Eg. Australia
-Scroll down to URL for registration services: and click the link
-somewhere on the page will be a link to a "list registars" , click the link
-Pick any one of the registars, (some registar sites are easy to navigate then others)
-look for something about Domain Register and pricing


Activity: Identifying Who has registered a Domain name

For each of the following domain names use the whois feature of or a similar site to determine the:
  -Renewal date
  -Admin postal code
  -Admin phone number
  -Tech postal code
  -Tech phone

  5. your own favorite site


Activity: Registering a Domain Name

Assume you wanted to register a domain name for yourself.

Invent your own domain name and determine if it is available.
Remember all domain names do NOT have to end in .com

What common domain name endings are available for this name?

How much would it cost to register this domain name in Canada? For one year, two years, three years....?

In the United States?

In United Kindom?

In another country or your choice?

Back to top


The WayBack Machine

This is an interesting site that can be very useful when checking resources. is an archive of internet sites. It can be useful to find old information or to see how a site has changed over time.

Activity: The Wayback Machine

Use the Wayback Machine at to find out how several sites have changed over time.

1. Compare the Garden City Collegiate site as it is today compared to several years ago.
     a. What do you notice has changed on the first page.
     b. What data does the Wayback Machine NOT have from several years ago.


2. Compare site as it is today compared to several years ago.
    a. What do you notice has changed.


3. Choose your own favorite site compare it as it looks today as compared to several years ago.
    a. What do you notice has changed.


Back to top



The Five W's of Cyberspace

The old formula used by police, journalists and researchers for getting the "full" story can be applied in cyberspace, to help identify credible online information sources.

Activity: 5 W's of Cyberspace

The Media Awareness Network has a good overview of the 5 W's of Cyberspace.
Refer to their site for a quick overview.

Breifly describe the 5 W's of Cyberspace described at the above site.

Activity: Deconstructing Web Pages student handout
Open the pdf document Deconstructing-Web-Pages-student-handout and follow the instructions.

Back to top

Some Useful Google Tips & Tricks

The Google Search engine has a number of useful built in features such as: built-in calculator and units of measure and conversions; definition for a word or phrase; UPC, parcel, VIN and other specialized numbers searches.

Activity: Google Tips: Calculator and Units conversion

Google can do math calculations and measurement conversion.

Load the Google search engine.

In the search box try the following:

  • 2+5
  • 100 miles in kilometers
  • 11.234 kilograms to pounds
  • sqrt(9)       (Note: sqrt means square root)
  • 57 grams to pounds
  • Try some of your own


Activity: Google Tips: Time , Weather, Sunrise & Sunset

Google can quickly find the time, weather , Sunrise and Sunset for specfic locations

Load the Google search engine.

In the search box try the following for weather:

  • weather winnipeg
  • weather tokyo
  • try you own


In the search box check the Time in these locations

  • time Winnipeg
  • time tokyo
  • try your own

In the search box check thesunrise 7 Sunset times in these locations:

  • sunrise Winnipeg
  • sunrise Kenora
  • sunset Winnipeg
  • sunset Kenora
  • try your own locations


Activity: Google Tips: Define:

To find the definition of a word or phrase you type DEFINE: then the word

Do NOT forget the : (colon) after DEFINE

Load the Google search engine.

In the search box find the following definitions:

  • define: byte
  • define: URL
  • define: zephyr
  • try your own definitions


Activity: Google Tips: ID numbers & Airline Flights

Google has the ability to check some specialized numbers.

For example, typing a FedEx tracking number will return the latest information on your package
or typing the 12 digit UPC code for a product, will return product info.

Load the Google search engine.

Try the following product UPC codes, what is the product?

  • 061143510405
  • 088698592977
  • 067000004278
  • try your own product


Want to find out airline departure and arrival times

In the search box

  • air canada 267 or AC 267
  • ws 184
  • mo 506


Activity: Google Tips: Currency Conversion

Google has the ability to convert from one currency to another

Load the Google search engine


3.5 USD in GBP

1 Canadian dollar in USD

1 British pound in Canadian dollar


Activity: Google Tips: Country specific sites

You may have noticed when you go to it knows we are in Canada in switches to

Google has many country specific searches and specific languages
To see them, start google, click on the language tools

Scroll down to Use the Google Interface in Your Language

-Elmer Fudd
-try some others


Now scroll down to Visit Google's Site in Your Local Domain

-try some others

Activity: Google Tips: Google News

To find the latest news of the day

Try               What is the top headline today???

Try             What is the top headline today???

Try         What is the top headline today???

Activity: Google Tips: Site Search

Google allows you search for information on a specific site.

For example : if you wanted to find the word excel on the garden city computer tech site

in the Google search box enter

excel        don't forget the : (colon) after site

try finding the word lemonade in the garden city tech site

- note it even scans through word.DOCs and PDF's


try you own search on another site


Activity: Google Tips: Some Fun Stuff from Google labs


Enter a few items from a set of things and it will try to predict other items in the set


  • try: pen pencil paper
  • try: bombers, roughriders, eskimos
  • try: winnipeg jets, hartford whalers, atlanta flames
  • try your own



Back to top


Review Questions

  1. What is a URL?
  2. Assume the web address
      is pstewart a webpage or a directory/folder?
  3.   is start.htm a webpage or a directory/folder?
  4.   what does the ~ (tilde) usually mean?
  5. Give the URL of a site you can use to check who owns a domain name.
  6. Describe how you can search a particular site for information. eg. manitoba government web site for employment info
  7. Briefly describe each of the 5 W's of Cyberspace.
  8. What type of information does the Wayback machine have?
  9. Give some examples of 'special' search features availble in Google.


Back to top

Updated: January 5, 2011